Wednesday, April 21, 2010

Short History of Technology

This age roughly lasted from 3300 BC to 1200 BC. It was the time when civilization started to coalesce around the Fertile Crescent and spread to Asia, Europe and Africa. The Bronze Age got its name because of when metals such as copper and tin which were used for making tools and weapons. Some of the advanced technologies of that time included agricultural innovations, chariot, use of salt, construction of permanent settlements and further domestication of animals.

The Iron Age
The Iron Age dates from 1200 BC to 500 BC and was the start of Roman Empire. The use of iron became very popular during this time and many people migrated to the farther reaches of continents including Europe. Technological advancements included glass, sundial, architecture, education, ships and advances in trade.

Age of Ancient Civilizations
This age was from around 500 BC with the start of the Roman Empire to about 500 AD when it fell. Many scholars consider it as the Golden Age as there were plenty of technological innovation occurring. Some of the technological advancements included city planning, education, sanitation, paper, math, architecture, bridges, magnetic compass, religion, aqueducts, road building, law and government, art, concrete, philosophy and more.

The Middle Ages
This age was from 500 AD to about 1500 in Europe. It began to grow in all areas of society that ushered in the Renaissance period. Several technological advancements during this period included the windmill, mechanical clock, architecture, military, spectacles and innovations in agriculture.

Muslim Agricultural Revolution
The Islamic world located predominantly in the Middle East revolutionized during the 8th century. It globalized a variety of agriculture techniques and crops. Some technological innovation of this time included the fountain pen, coffee, quartz glass, hard soap, shampoo, and celestial globe, innovations in math, nitric acid and incendiary devices.

The Renaissance Period
The beginning of Renaissance period marked from the period of the 14th century to the 16th century. Some of the major innovations during this time period occurred in education. Many schools and universities were developed and other disciples like architecture, medicine and philosophy grew.

Age of Exploration
This time period lasted from the 1400's to 1600's. When trade became a great means of wealth countries in Europe, this was the start of the Age of Exploration. It dominated technology and innovation mainly shipping, navigation and cartography.

The Industrial Revolution
It was the time of great innovation because of energy and steam engine. This happened mostly in Britain in the late 18th and 19th centuries. With the Industrial Revolution came the transportation revolution, this made transportation much easier people.

The 19th and 20th Centuries
Enormous innovations in technology have occurred during the last two centuries. There are so many innovations which make up a long list. However it is important to note that these innovations were because of the previous discoveries. The enormous innovations that have occurred over the last 200 years included television, radio, telephone, automobile, computer, internet, medicine, airplane, photography, nuclear power, spacecraft and much more.

Modern World
Today, the society has been vastly changed due to innovations and enhancements from technology. It took centuries in the past for the society to be what it is today. Technology has an enormous impact on the society. Still technology has long way to go ahead.